Eriseminarid kevadsemestril 2015
Praktilise filosoofia õppetool
Teema: Ethics and Philosophy of Sex
Õppejõud: Francesco Orsi
This course examines philosophical questions related to sex. We will begin by analyzing the nature of sex, discussing a range of theories of sex including sex as essentially connected to reproduction, sex as a language or expression of love, and “plain sex” theories that emphasize sexual pleasure and desire. Then, we will consider more closely the ethics of sexual behaviour, discussing issues such as perversion, objectification, sexual consent, prostitution, pornography. We will examine some of the most relevant ethico-philosophical traditions for these issues: natural law theory, Kantianism, and feminism.
Reading material will include:
G. Christina, “Are We Having Sex Now or What?”
T. Nagel (1969). Sexual Perversion. Journal of Philosophy 66:5-17.
Martha C. Nussbaum (1995). Objectification. Philosophy and Public Affairs 24:249–291.
Vaata ka FLFI.02.126 ÕISis.
Teoreetilise filosoofia õppetool
Teema: Philosophical Methodology - Armchair or Laboratory?
Õppejõud: Daniel Cohnitz
What methodology should philosophers follow? Should they rely on methods that can be conducted from the armchair? Or should they leave the armchair and turn to the methods of the natural sciences or the social sciences, such as experiments in the laboratory? Or is this opposition itself a false one? Arguments about philosophical methodology are raging in the wake of a number of often conflicting currents, such as the growth of experimental philosophy, the resurgence of interest in metaphysical questions, and the use of formal methods. In this seminar we will discuss some of the more recent contributions to that debate from different areas of theoretical and practical philosophy and philosophy of science. As an introductory text, you can read:
Joshua Knobe: Experimental Philosophy, Philosophy Compass 2 (2007), 81-92.
Antti Kauppinen: The rise and fall of experimental philosophy, Philosophical Explorations 10 (2007), 95-118.
Teoreetilise filosoofia õppetool
Teema: Power and Language
Õppejõud: Alexander Davies
Analytic philosophers have identified various features of our epistemic and linguistic practices which can be manipulated for political gain. The course will introduce students to a range of ways in which language-use interacts with exertions of power, as identified by analytic philosophers. The central ideas derive from work by Miranda Fricker on epistemic injustice and Rae Langton on illocutionary silencing. The course will certainly cover illocutionary silencing and epistemic injustice. The course may also cover hate speech and pornography as speech. Background in analytic philosophy is helpful but not necessary.
If you want to know the kind of material we will cover in the course then I recommend the following:
- Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing by Miranda Fricker (which is available online via the library at Oxford Scholarship Online).
- 'Speech acts and Unspeakable acts' by Rae Langton (which is available in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification by Rae Langton, which can be found online via the library at Oxford Scholarship Online).
- 'The ways of silencing' by Jason Stanley, available online.
The full reading list is for those taking either the specialization seminar or something else. Full reading list will be made available closer to the beginning of the semester. If you want more information now then email the course convenor (davies [ät] ut.ee).